Euro looking for bottom

Published on 05.06.2023 12:09

The Euro entered the new week near a three-month low but could bottom out on the charts this week if the bilateral interest rate differential stabilises and the single currency succeeds in holding above nearby technical support over the coming days.

Europe's single currency fell from one-year highs against the Dollar in early May to three-month lows around 1.0640 last Wednesday when softening German inflation figures led local bond markets to rally and placed further pressure on an already-falling yield differential.

Yield differentials have pulled the Euro lower throughout the recent month amid a hawkish investor reappraisal of the Federal Reserve (Fed) interest rate outlook but they might now have fallen about as far as they're likely to and could even have scope to recover in the single currency's favour up ahead.

"A potential halt in the rebound in USD short-term swap rates means that the two-year EUR-USD swap rate gap may also find some respite after having collapsed from -62bp to -116bp in the past four weeks," says Francesco Pesole, an FX strategist at ING.

"We feel that EUR/USD could find some support around 1.0650/1.0700 and even stage a rebound back to 1.0800/1.0850 this week," Pesole writes in Monday market commentary.

Friday's U.S non-farm payrolls report for May offered reason for thinking the yield differential may be bottoming for revealing that robust job growth of 339k was accompanied last month by large numbers of layoffs.

This has made the labour market appear to be cooling, if not on the verge of cracking, and was the clearest indication yet of the Fed having success in its attempts to reduce demand for workers and dampen pay growth as part of its broader effort to ensure inflation returns to the 2% target.

"The danger here, then, is that the strong recent payrolls numbers will either be revised down when the numbers are benchmarked to social security records, and/or will turn suddenly south when the seasonal adjustments mean-revert," warns Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics.

If the U.S. job data marks the beginning of a trend then it could place a question mark over investor expectations for a further increase in the Fed's interest rate next month and potentially impact market pricing for eventual interest rate cuts with supportive implications for bond yield differentials and the Euro.

But in the meantime, the Euro is likely to take its cues from the Tuesday and Wednesday releases of European retail sales and German industrial production data for April, which are the highlights of the economic calendar ahead of next Tuesday's U.S. inflation report for May.